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Yoga Swami Svatmarama. Hatha yoga pradipika The Hatha yoga pradipika of Svatmaratma (with the commentary Jyotsna of Brahma−nanda) Adyar libra. Hatha Yoga Pradipika (English Edition) eBook: Swami Muktibodhananda: taufeedenzanid.tk: site Store. Free download ebook [Pdf] Hatha Yoga Pradipika Online FOR site - BY Swami Muktibodhananda Donwload Here: taufeedenzanid.tk
When awakening takes place in mooladhara at the base of the spine, then kundalini starts ascending. She ascends through sushumna, not through ida and pingala.
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Sushumna is the highway for kundalini. It passes through various chakras, sometimes all of a sudden and sometimes very slowly. When it unites with ida and pingala in ajna chakra, that is called hatha yoga. Then, after this first union, it forges ahead to sahasrara chakra. There it unites with the supreme consciousness, Shiva. That is called yoga, which means ultimate union. Therefore, the ultimate object of hatha yoga is to experience yoga.
Arousing potential energy Awakening of kundalini is a fact, but more important than that is awakening of sushumna. Much more real and important is awakening of the chakras.
People do not understand this difficulty at all. If the chakras are not functioning properly, if there is a blockage somewhere, then the energy cannot penetrate. If the junction somewhere in your building is faulty, you will not get electricity there. For the whole complex there may be many, many circuits, not merely one or two. Maybe all are intact, but the basic connection may be wrong somewhere near the main switch.
Then what will happen? Even the junctions that are intact will not be able to supply electricity. So, purification and awakening of the chakras is essential. This can be accomplished through the practice of pranayama.
Supposing you have purified the nadis by asana and pranayama, and you have also awakened the chakras by pranayama and a few asanas, there then remains the awakening of sushumna the central channel.
Sushumna flows from mooladhara chakra at the lowest circuit to ajna the highest circuit and it is a very important nadi. The awakened kundalini shakti has to pass through sushumna, but if this highway remains closed, kundalini cannot penetrate beyond mooladhara.
Therefore, before awakening kundalini, sushumna should be awakened. Controlling the mind by controlling the prana There is another difference between Patanjalis system of raja yoga and the traditional system of hatha yoga.
The authors of the hatha yoga texts were very much aware of the difficulty in controlling the fluctuations of the mind. You may manage it for some time, but still you will not be able to succeed all the time. So they adopted another method. The hatha yoga texts state very clearly that by controlling the pranas, the mind is automatically controlled.
It seems that prana and mind exert an influence on each other. When the pranas are restless, it affects the mind and vice versa. Some people find it easier to control the mind than to control the prana. The more they try, the more the split grows. There is another important point to be noted.
Sometimes you are inspired. You feel very well, very one-pointed, but it does not happen every day. Therefore, the authors of hatha yoga struck another theme: Dont worry about the mind.
Ignore it. Practice pranayama. By practicing pranayama correctly, the mind is automatically conquered. However, the effects of pranayama are not so simple to manage. It creates extra heat in the body, it awakens some of the dormant centers in the brain, it can alter the production of sperm and testosterone. It lowers the respiratory rate and changes the brain wave patterns. When these changes take place, you may not be able to handle it.
Therefore, hatha yoga says that the shatkarmas must be practiced first. The purpose of emphasizing shatkarma is to prepare a base for the higher practices of pranayama. Shatkarma purifies the whole system and removes blockages on the paths of ida and pingala. When there are no mental or vital blockages, the breath in both the nostrils flows systematically. When the left nostril flows it means ida is active and the mind is dominant. When the right nostril flows it means the breath in pingala is active and the pranas are predominating.
The flow of the breath in alternate nostrils indicates the state of balance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. If ida is flowing and you are practicing meditation, you will go to sleep and your brain will produce delta waves. If the right nostril is flowing and you are trying to meditate, your brain will produce beta waves and you will be thinking many thoughts at the same time.
When both the nostrils are flowing equally, that means sushumna is flowing. When sushumna flows you can meditate without any difficulty. Awakening of sushumna, making sushumna nadi flow, is the most important process in yoga which precedes kundalini awakening.
Most people think of pranayama as breathing exercises but it is far more.
Ayama literally means dimension, not control. So pranayama is practiced in order to expand the dimensions of prana within you. Within us are planes of existence, areas of consciousness, which are in absolute darkness.
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These planes are much more beautiful and creative than the ones we live on now. However, how are we going to penetrate and illuminate them? It is useless to talk about the different stages of consciousness.
You must be able to experience them, even as you experience the state of dreams or sleep. When the pranic energy is aroused and awakened through the practice of pranayama, it is circulated to these dark areas of consciousness.
Then the inner city is illuminated and man is reborn into a new dimension of existence, a new area of experience. The practical aspect If you want to achieve this transcendental experience, the practices of hatha yoga and pranayama should be perfected.
The rules and recommendations should also be observed. This does not mean giving up all the pleasures in life, but as you well know, you can never have your cake and eat it too. So, once you have decided to step into another dimension of consciousness, you must be ready to sacrifice some of those things which are definitely detrimental to the practice of pranayama and hatha yoga.
Therefore, remember that the practices of hatha yoga, asana and pranayama are ultimately intended for developing the quality of human consciousness, not just the mind or body. Philosophy is intellectual and you can never reach the point of evolution through intellect.
Intellect becomes a barrier to spiritual awakening, and we have to find a powerful means of transcending it. Hatha yoga is most effective because you are working on the prana and bypassing the mind. Maybe not all, but at least a few techniques can be practiced each day. Hatha yoga techniques, along with asana and a few pranayama, are sufficient for most people. It is necessary to practice these preparatory limbs first. Then you may go farther.
If the preparation is perfect, there will be no need to learn meditation from anyone. One fine morning while practicing pranayama your mind will be lifted into a new realm of consciousness. The therapeutic aspect Hatha yoga is a method of preparing the system for spiritual awakening but it is also a very important science of health. Since ancient times it has been used by yogis and rishis for the relief and elimination of all kinds of diseases and defects.
It is true that the practices require more time and effort on the part of the patient than conventional therapies, but in terms of permanent, positive results, as well as saving the enormous expenditure on medicines, they are certainly more worthwhile.
What makes this method of treatment so powerful and effective is the fact that it works according to the principles of harmony and unification, rather than diversity. The three important principles on which physical and mental therapy is based are as follows: 1. Conferring absolute health to one part or system of the body thereby influencing the rest of the body.
Purifying the body of the three types of wastes doshas. If you have fifteen grandfather clocks together on the same wall, all with pendulums of identical length and weight, you will notice that after some time all the pendulums become synchronized in their movements.
This occurs quite naturally according to the law of mutual rhythms and vibrations. But there should be complete coordination between them. If any of the organs or systems of the body are not able to coordinate with each other, it means that not one but all the systems and organs are unbalanced. Thus, in any sickness, whether physical or mental, every system is out of coordination.
According to the law of mutual rhythms, all you have to do in order to regain the health of the whole system is to bring one organ or system to a state of health. Then all the others will naturally follow suit. Ill health of one system creates ill health in the rest of the both.
You cannot say that your stomach is bad and everything else is alright. Therefore, a sick person with a number of ailments should generally be given treatment for only one of them. If you are able to create health in one system of this body, gradually the whole body begins to improve. This is how hatha yoga therapy should be prescribed.
Most yoga teachers today, however, do not follow this system. Depending on their knowledge of medical diagnosis, they make a very long list of practices one for constipation, one for nosebleeds, one for something else.
They think that by teaching a sick person various hatha yoga techniques for his different ailments, he will get better. Their system is based on the popular concept that various diseases belong to different groups, which does not take into account the interrelationship of all the organs and systems. Conserving energy in this physical body is another important aspect of health which has been ignored by most of the healing sciences.
We have given so much importance to nutrition, but we have missed the real source of energy, which is inherent. This energy is something like positive and negative electrical charges pulsating throughout. The correct balance of these opposite forms of energy creates good health. Whenever these positive and negative flows are suppressed, blocked, dissipated or poorly distributed, disease inevitably results.
Therefore, the science of physical and mental harmony is known as hatha yoga. Physical and mental therapy is one of the most important achievements of hatha yoga. So far, hatha yoga has succeeded in diseases like asthma, diabetes and blood pressure where modern science has not.
Besides this, hatha yoga has proved very effective in cases of epilepsy, hysteria, rheumatism and many other ailments of a chronic and constitutional nature. In fact, we have found that most diseases of a chronic and constitutional nature can definitely be reversed through hatha yoga. The psychic and mental diseases which human beings are suffering from are nothing but a state of disharmony in the energetic system.
In order to alleviate them we will have to take a new look at our body and enlarge the dimension of modern medical science. We will have to redefine the body, the classification of disease and the system of diagnosis. What is being discovered more recently is that asana and pranayama are more powerful and effective ways of controlling the whole body.
They are the first steps in allowing us to not only alter the mechanisms of one element, but to gain control over the total structure of the brain and mind, the controlling system which allows us to direct every aspect of our lives, and the energy within that.
The real purpose of hatha yoga In the last forty years hatha yoga has been accepted as a therapeutic science all over the world and many scientific studies have been conducted in this field.
Today we teach yoga to people because it is very necessary. Man has become sick and medical science is not able to meet the challenge. Hatha yoga, however, has been helping everybody. Therefore, we do not want to discourage this aspect, but at the same time we should not forget what hatha yoga really stands for. Behind a diabetic there is a yogi.
Behind a man suffering from depression there is an aspirant. When a patient comes for help, teach him yoga and make him better. Treat his sickness, but do not stop there. Take him further into the spiritual domain of life. This is the mistake that most yoga teachers make in the West.
They just take a patient with arthritis, rheumatism or insomnia, teach him a few exercises and that is it. Hatha yoga has not been used to treat the total personality. This is why teachers are not able to raise the level of their pupils. He also makes the sly suggestion in his brief but graceful Introduction that "the scientifically minded do some empirical research.
In a peaceful country, in a quiet place, free of all anxieties I can also say along with Akers that I do not recommend some of Svatmarama's practices, some of the "cleansing" mudras are unnecessary today; indeed they are dangerous and clearly the old master exaggerates. However, his intention was not hyperbole. He spoke instead in what is called an "intentional language" that would guide teachers and advanced practitioners without confusing or revealing too much to beginners. This way of speaking is also called samdhya-bhasha "twilight language" according to Georg Feuerstein.
Thus a practice that allows one to become "young, even if old" may be distinguished from another practice that "destroys death," which in turn may be distinguished from one which leads to the place where "time is not. I used Georg Feuerstein's definitive The Shambhala Encyclopedia of Yoga , but could have also used an English-Sanskrit dictionary to explore the more secular meanings of some words, which might have given me a better feel for some of the nuances of expression used by Svatmarama.
To really appreciate Svatmarama's text perhaps this from Feuerstein might be helpful: "Language has the curious capacity to both disclose and veil the truth, and since ancient times the masters of India's spirituality have been especially sensitive to the possibilities and the limitations of linguistic communication. But what is the Hatha Yoga Pradipika? It is simply a course in how to obtain samadhi, or liberation or freedom from the pairs of opposites that dominate our lives.
It begins with asana and pranayama and ends with transcendence. A third text is Gherand Samhita by the great sage Gherand. Besides these there is a fourth major text known as Hatharatnavali which was written later by Srinivasabhatta Mahayogindra. All these texts are considered to have been written between the 6th and 15th centuries A.
There are also minor references to hatha yoga in the ancient Upanishads and Puranas. The Upanishads date back earlier than the Buddhist period, which was around the 6th century B. The references made in the Upanishads indicate that the science of hatha yoga was known well before this period.
There is another very important text known as Srimad Bhagavatam, the story of Krishna. In that voluminous book, there are references to hatha yoga in several chapters. Evidence of hatha yoga has also been found in the pre-Colombian culture of the Americas.
Even now, at St. Augustine, a southern province of Colombia in South America, there are large stone figures and carvings depicting hatha yoga practices. However, the systematic form of hatha yoga began to emerge in India sometime in the 6th century A. This gives us a glimpse of the historical aspect of hatha yoga. For centuries these books have guided spiritual aspirants.
Many sects were also formed in India, Nepal and Tibet on the basis of hatha yoga. What is the subject matter of these books? Is it just to maintain a youthful body, or to obtain psychic powers siddhis , or is it to develop the capacity to awaken the potential energy kundalini and attain supraconsciousness samadhi? As we analyze these texts carefully the purpose becomes very clear.
In ancient times hatha yoga was practiced for many years as a preparation for higher states of consciousness. Today, however, the real purpose of this great science has been forgotten altogether.
The hatha yoga practices, which were designed by the rishis and sages of old for the evolution of mankind, are now being understood and utilized in a very limited sense. Often we hear people say, Oh, I dont practice meditation, I only practice physical yoga, hatha yoga. Now the time has come to correct this point. Hatha yoga is a very important science for humanity today. The culling of hatha yoga By the 6th century A.
Two great men were born in India in the 6th century B.
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One is known internationally as Buddha and the other was Mahavir, the founder of the Jain sect, a tradition in Indian culture. Both of them performed severe austerities and both also preached non-violence, ahimsa. Finally, Buddha formulated his teachings, which are known as the Four Noble Truths.
Two of Buddhas systems became widely known all over the world. One is known as vipassana and the other is anapanasati, contemplation. For this Buddha laid a basic foundation called the Eightfold Path, which was a system of ethics more or less like th e yama and niyama of raja yoga.
As a result of Buddhas popularity, meditation became the main form of spiritual practice on the entire subcontinent. However, the preparatory practices were ignored. Ethics and morality were very much overemphasized.
It was at this time that the thinkers of India began to reassess Buddhas system. Instead they believe one has to prepare oneself. Five hundred years after Buddha, and one hundred years before Christ, in India, at Nalanda in Bihar, a great university was established in the Buddhist tradition, devoted to the Hinayana system. Hinayana means the narrow path, i. Many thousands of students from all over the known world came to study religion there.
However, there was another group amongst the Buddhists who did not agree with the orthodox interpretation of the teachings. They thought that it was not what Buddha himself had preached. So they established another university called Vikram Shila, eighty miles east of Munger, in Bihar, which became the teaching center of the Mahayana tradition. Mahayana means great path. They were not orthodox Buddhists, but open-minded, liberal Buddhists. In that Mahayana tradition they also began to include tantra; however, this was not something Buddha had directly preached about, so orthodox Buddhists did not believe in it.
From Vikram Shila a sect arose known as Sahajayana, the spontaneous way, and Vajrayana, which includes the sexual matters between a man and woman. So, the practices of the tantric sects were very much misinterpreted by orthodox people.
After about five hundred years or so, the popularity and influence of Buddhism declined and so did these tantric sects and their practices. Then in the 4th, 5th and 6th centuries A. Matsyendranath, Gorakhnath and a few other yogis in the tradition found that this important science was being ignored by serious-minded people and being wrongly taught by others.
So they separated the hatha yoga and the raja yoga practices of tantra from the rest and left out the rituals of tantra altogether, not even mentioning them. When they culled the practices, they picked up the useful, practical and noble practices of yoga from the tantric system. At that time it became necessary for them to classify some of the unclassified instructions in tantra.
Although Buddha was a great personality, his teachings later remained merely what we can call psychological experiences. Therefore, it became necessary to reintroduce a proper system of meditation.
That is how the system of hatha yoga was established. It was at this time that Matsyendranath founded the Nath cult which believed that, before taking to the practices of meditation, you must purify the body and its elements. This is the theme of hatha yoga. Science of purification Of the many authorities on hatha yoga, one outstanding personality is Swatmarama who compiled the Hatha Yoga Pradipika.
It can also be translated as Light on Hatha Yoga. However, the term pradipika actually means self-illuminating or that which illumines. It is a text which illumines a multitude of physical, mental and spiritual problems for aspirants. Gorakhnath, the chief disciple of Matsyendranath, had earlier written books, poems and prose on the hatha yoga system in the local dialect, but Swatmarama compiled the entire wisdom of hatha yoga in Sanskrit.
In common with the other texts, he has expounded techniques such as asana, pranayama and shatkarma. The beauty of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika is that it solves a very great problem faced by every aspirant.
Swatmarama has completely eliminated the yama moral codes and niyama self-restraints which are the starting points in the Buddhist and Jain systems, as well as in Patanjalis raja yoga. Patanjali was a contemporary of Buddha and his system of yoga was influenced by the Buddhist philosophy of yama and niyama.
In the Yoga Sutras he divided raja yoga into eight steps. Yama and niyama are the first two, followed by asana and pranayama. Then come pratyahara, dharana, dhyana and samadhi, which are the final four. What are yama and niyama?
Self-control, rules of conduct and observances: truth, non-violence, celibacy, non-stealing, nonaggrandizement, external and internal purity, and contentment, are some of the regulations. However, the authors of texts on hatha yoga, such as Swatmarama, were very much aware of the practical difficulties every person faced in relation to yama and niyama.
Moreover, yama and niyama have more to do with religion than with a persons spiritual life. Experience has taught us that in order to practice yama and niyama, discipline and self-control, a certain quality of mind is needed. Often we observe that when we try to practice self-control and discipline, we create more mental problems in our mind and personality.
If we were to take the statistics of patients in mental hospitals, we would find that most of them are religious, because self-discipline and selfcontrol split the personality.
Therefore, before you try to practice selfdiscipline and self-control, you must also prepare yourself. If harmony is not created in the personality, then self- control and self-discipline will create more conflict rather than peace of mind. Therefore, the principle of antithesis should not be taught to everybody. It has always been expounded as a philosophical or religious principle, but from the spiritual standpoint it has mercilessly failed to assist man when confronted with the dilemma of his own evolution.
Emphasis on shatkarma In the Hatha Yoga Pradipika the first thing we see is that Swatmarama does not worry at all about self-control and self-discipline in the form of yama and niyama.
The order here is very different. He begins by saying that you should first purify the whole body the stomach, intestines, nervous system and other systems. Therefore, shatkarma comes first, i. Hatha yoga begins with these practices. However, shatkarma alone does not constitute the whole of hatha yoga. After shatkarma you should practice asana and pranayama.
Selfcontrol and self-discipline should start with the body. That is much easier. Asana is discipline; pranayama is discipline; kumbhaka retention of breath is self-control. Sit in padmasana lotus posture for fifteen minutes. That is self-discipline. Why do you fight with the mind first? You have no power to wrestle with the mind, yet you wrestle with it, thereby creating a pattern of animosity towards yourself.
There are not two minds, there is one mind trying to split itself into two. One mind wants to break the discipline and the other mind wants to maintain the discipline. You can find this split in everybody. When this split becomes greater, then we call it schizophrenia. This danger was clearly realized by the authorities and masters of hatha yoga. Therefore, they said, first discipline the body.
They explained what they meant by the body. The subtle elements tattwas , the energy channels nadis , within the body should be purified. The behavior of the vital force prana , the entire nervous system and the various secretions in the body should be properly maintained and harmonized. After this one should go on to practice mudras like vajroli, sahajoli, khechari, shambhavi, vipareeta karani and others.
In this way it will be possible to develop deep meditation. These practices will induce pratyahara and lead into dharana, dhyana and samadhi. Aim of hatha yoga In order to purify the mind, it is necessary for the body as a whole to undergo a process of absolute purification.
Hatha yoga is also known as the science of purification, not just one type of purification but six types. The body has to be cleaned in six different ways for six different impurities. When you clear the body of these impurities, the nadis function and the energy blocks are released. Then the energies move like wave frequencies throughout the channels within the physical structure, moving right up to the brain.
When the rishis discovered the science of hatha yoga, they did not have yoga therapy in mind. Although yoga has proved to be very effective in the treatment of many impossible and incurable diseases, the therapeutic effect of yoga is only a byproduct and incidental. The main objective of hatha yoga is to create an absolute balance of the interacting activities and processes of the physical body, mind and energy. When this balance is created, the impulses generated give a call of awakening to the central force sushumna nadi which is responsible for the evolution of human consciousness.
If hatha yoga is not used for this purpose, its true objective is lost. The interplay of the inner energy In order to make the subject clear, it was termed hatha, i. It has been explained in hatha yoga that ha represents prana, the vital force, and tha represents mind, the mental energy.
So hatha yoga means the union of the pranic and mental forces. When union between the pranic and mental forces takes place, then a great event occurs in man.
This is the awakening of higher consciousness. Prana shakti, the life force, and manas shakti, the mental force, are the two fundamental creators. Every object in the universe, right from the smallest atom to the largest star, is composed of these two shaktis or energies. When they interact with each other, when the interplay of these two shaktis takes place, then creation begins to unfold. When the two shaktis are separated from each other, or they are dissolved back to their source, then creation is dissolved.
That is the great pralaya, i. In the field of physics also they speak along the same lines. All matter in this creation is alive. This is the first point. It is also conscious.She studied each of these modalities in the US and straight from the source in India.
If you want to know how old school yoga goes then this is the book to read.
When these changes take place, you may not be able to handle it. The correct balance of these opposite forms of energy creates good health. They think that by teaching a sick person various hatha yoga techniques for his different ailments, he will get better.
If there is metamorphosis in every part of creation, why shouldnt mans consciousness also undergo this state of metamorphosis? After this one should go on to practice mudras like vajroli, sahajoli, khechari, shambhavi, vipareeta karani and others. Intellect becomes a barrier to spiritual awakening, and we have to find a powerful means of transcending it. Iyengar also includes the physical and emotional benefits of each asana, and an appendix that lists the asanas helpful for specific physical conditions.
Both of them performed severe austerities and both also preached non-violence, ahimsa.
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